Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.

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This page was last edited on 11 Mayat Hill —99 Louise Lamphere — Cruxent on a publication examining Venezuelan archaeology.

There ghe some evidence of cutting on tbe remains found at Meillac sites, leading Rouse to believe that cannibalism may have been occurring.

The flint tools that were recovered were similar to those represented in the Couri group, but the ground-stone artifacts were more developed than their Couri predecessors. People would have lived in small villages, presumably in some sort of small structure, although the only evidence we have regarding shelter comes from small middens. Arensberg William C. These classes are constituted of two or more modes.

The authors identify four major epochs chronological classification to which the remains of each distinct group of people with distinct cultural traits ethnic classification will be assigned.

He suspected the Couri groups were semi-nomadic and band-like in structure due to the small, shallow nature rousr the sites excavated.

Irving Rouse

Artifacts came in the form of the aforementioned pottery sherds, flint tools, ground-stone artifacts, and shell artifacts. Modes, then, are a natural unit of cultural study, whereas types are an artificial unit created by the individual archaeologist.

Therefore, a “type” is made up of selected modes. Evidence of 9 jrving were recovered 8 of which were inhumationswhich ivring some concept of life after death. This epoch began at roughly BC and included 10 ethnic series: He returned to the island in to do some additional work with John Goggin.

Iving believed that the population of the Caribbean occurred in eouse migrations from mainland South America [22] The first migration came in what Rouse called the “lithic” age, which happened around years ago based on the dates of the earliest sites on the islands. The first epoch is the “Paleo-Indian” epoch, which began with the first inhabitants of Venezuela around 15, BC?.


Irving Rouse began his academic career studying forestry and obtained his Bachelor’s degree in plant science from Yale University ‘s Sheffield Scientific School in A Study in Methodthe second an application of these methods entitled Culture of the Ft.

David continued the family tradition by becoming an urban landscape architectwhile Peter worked as chief of staff for both Tom Hte and Barack Obama in the United States Senate.

Coral was utilized for the first time in the region by the Meillac groups, who used unworked coral as “rasps” and picks.

Wallace Joseph B. The end product of analytic classification is the ” mode “, which is produced by creating a series of classes representing different features of the artifact. The hypotheses should also be tested against other forms of anthropological data, such as linguistic and physical anthropological data. There is evidence of a workshop for the manufacture of the axes in the area, however it appears that the flint objects were made elsewhere, indicating that there was probably some sort of trade system in place.

In this volume Rouse discusses different population movements throughout the world, and discusses his view of the proper way to study prehistoric migrations.

The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books

In a article in American AntiquityRouse breaks classification of artifacts down into two forms, analytic and taxonomic, and discusses the goals of each form. During excavation of Carrier sites, Rouse recovered 2, artifacts, over 2, of which were potsherds classified into 23 types. These objects would have been made through either flaking, battering, or grinding techniques. Rouse believed that the attire of the groups would have been very light, as there is no evidence of clothing production.

This project was not a total disaster, however. He identifies a number of objective types which may be pursued in this article, including descriptive, classificatory, geographical, and chronological objectives.

Both shell objects are made from conch shellsand there is evidence of a well developed art design, as the pendant is decorated with parallel and zig-zagged bands. The Manicauroid series was the only ethnic series that fit in the Meso-Indian epoch. Goodman —07 Setha Low —09 Virginia R. Bone artifact were rare.


Irving Rouse – Wikipedia

taimos One major contribution Rouse made to Caribbean archaeology involves the reconstruction of the migrations that were responsible for the populating of the islands. Rouse notes that while modes are “inherent” in a collection, types are created by the archaeologist by selecting the modes which he determines to be relevant.

Not much about the non-material culture of the Couri defined by Rouse as “concerned with customs which have been inferred by artifacts [13] is known. Moses —97 Jane H. Benjamin Irving Rouse August 29, — February irvinng, was an American archaeologist on the faculty of Yale University best known for his work in the Greater and Lesser Antilles of the Caribbeanespecially in Haiti.

This custom or concept is the mode. The only ethnic “series” that belongs in the Paleo-Indian epoch is the Juboid series.

Sites were identified largely by large piles of shells, which also indicated a reliance upon seafood as a source of subsistence. Rouse was unable to discover any definitive linguistic information about the Couri, nor was he able to find information about their clothing, shelter, or population.

Upon receiving his Ph. Casagrande Edward H. Spicer Ernestine Friedl Irving and Mary had two sons, David and Peter. The Meso-Indian epoch began about BC. As an undergraduate, he worked at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History cataloging archaeological specimens. This event sparked a lifelong interest in identifying migrations of people and understanding the reason for migrations of human populations.

He hypothesizes that this is not out of need for food, but rather as some sort of ritual with supernatural significance.

These sherds were classified into 30 types. Hsu Paul Bohannan Conrad M.