Unlike other Kocuria species that are strictly aerobic, Kocuria kristinae is °C. The genus Micrococcus has been recently divided into Micrococcus, Kocuria. Kocuria is a genus of Gram positive bacteria in the phylum Actinobacteria, including the sequenced species Kocuria rhizophila. Kocuria has been identified in. Valid publication: STACKEBRANDT (E.), KOCH (C.), GVOZDIAK (O.) and SCHUMANN (P.): Taxonomic dissection of the genus Micrococcus: Kocuria gen. nov.
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Additionally, articles published within Cureus should not be deemed a suitable substitute for the advice of a qualified health care professional. Phylogenetic diversity of the deinococci as determined by 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison. According to Rule 42, the two species should be united in one genus, and in the same species. Recovery in many of the cases of Kocuria infection required catheter removal, which resolved the infection.
It is usually considered part of the normal flora that rarely is isolated from clinical specimens. Performance of the new Vitek 2 GP card for identification of medically relevant Gram-positive cocci in a routine clinical laboratory.
The MIC value was less than 0.
Taxonomy of the genus Kocuria Stackebrandt et al.
Kocuria kristinae infection associated with acute cholecystitis. Another study employing the Vitek-2 system initially identified two K. Whole-genome sequence accession no. The cause of concern is that this bacterium appears to have a broad host range involving both immunocompromised as iocuria as immunocompetent individuals.
Emerging Bacterial Infection: Identification and Clinical Significance of Kocuria Species
Manifestations in the right limb were severer than in the left one, as there were redness, warmness, and edema of calf muscles but no pain or tenderness. Furthermore, accurate identification is difficult because commercially available databases do not include all the classified Kocuria species. To summarize, Kocuria kristinae bacteremia should be considered especially in liable patients and on repeated isolation.
Table of Contents Alerts. Venkataraman Nagar, Kalapet, PondicherryIndia. Kocuria turfanensis Zhou et al. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. Kocuria is a member of the Micrococcaceae family and presently comprises 18 species.
Kocuria uropygialis Braun et al. Central venous catheter-related genis caused by Kocuria kristinae: Few reports on Kocuria spp. From the Microbial Earth Project. Kocuria Stackebrandt et al. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Susceptibility towards bacitracin and lysozyme and resistance to nitrofurantoin, furazolidone and lysostaphin can be used to separate this bacterium from Staphylococci.
The source of contamination was suspected to be touch of the catheter that led to access of bacteria into the peritoneal cavity [ 419 ]. Kocuria halotolerans Tang et al.
Catheter-related bacteremia due to Kocuria rosea in a patient undergoing peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. A recent report of K. As a consequence to the absence of evidence-based guidelines for managing Kocuria infections, cases are managed depending on previous experience or similar cases in the literature.
An immunocompetent pregnant female developed severe K. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Kocuria indica Dastager et al. The first indication of such a scenario becoming true has been observed through the numerous new cases of Kocuria infections being reported in a short span of time.
Direct microscopy of the sample showed gram-positive cocci in pairs and clusters. Do not disregard or avoid professional medical advice due to genue published within Cureus.
Examination of the patient revealed temperature Type species of the genus. Indeed, the Port-A-Cath device might have provided a favorable niche for prolonged survival of the organism and subsequent recurrence. In particular, our observations revealed massive growth and pigment enhancement of K.
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The kocuriz is facultative anaerobic, nonmotile, catalase-positive, and coagulase-negative and is known to cause catheter-related bacteremia and infective endocarditis [ 217 ].
Many species of Actinobacteria are saprophytic and are present in the environment growing under varied gfnus as acidophiles, alkaliphiles, halophiles, and thermophiles. Moreover, several new cases have expanded the clinical spectrum of disease caused by this unusual pathogen. Bacteremia caused by Kocuria kristinae in a patient with acute leukaemia.
Table 2 Misidentification of Kocuria species and members of the Kocuria genus by different automated phenotypic identification systems. The possibility of biofilm formation on locuria catheter was attributed to treatment failure in one of the cases, although it was not investigated. Kocuria koreensis Park et al. Journal List Cureus v. A case of K.