Stanzel defines various types and levels of mediacy, and concludes that there are three main narrative situations: first person (when the narrator’s world is the. The Circle of Narrative. A THEORY OF NARRATIVE. By Franz Stanzel. Translated by Charlotte G with a preface by Paul Hernadi. Cambridge: Cambridge. F.K. Stanzel, A Theory of Narrative. Transi, by Charlotte in an able translation, supervised by Franz Stanzel himself, of his Theorie des Erzählens (Göt-.

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The theory provides descriptive categories for sentences, paragraphs, and chapters, as well as whole books. Living people Austrian academics Austrian literary critics births. At any time, some writers deviate from the historic norm by defamiliarizing the conventions through estrangement.

He provides arbitrary details, apparently the result of existential situations. Please help improve this article if w can.

Franz Stanzel: Narrative Theory and the Typological Circle | Literary Studies

They also provide a compendium for all those who are interested in die nature of narrative fiction. But that is not a prob- lem for die dieory if its edges are left sharp. Thus, Stanzel distinguishes three narrative situations: Stanzel’s typological circle featuring “three typical narrative situations”, which describes various possibilities of structuring the mediacity of narrative, is based on three elements.

In the “First-person narrative situation”, the events are related by a “narrating I” who takes part in the action in the fictional world as a character or as the “experiencing I”. Narrative modes overt mediacy covert mediacy indirect direct personalization impersonalization telling showing summary scenic presentation report 1. Throughout die work there are detailed analyses of die narrative structure of small quoted passages as well as whole novels.

Rhythm of a narrative: Dominance of the reflector mode. It is this familiarity and respect for narratives which leads Stanzel to insist that oof major categories have fuzzy edges. Whenever a piece of news is conveyed, whenever something is reported, there is a mediator- the voice of a narrator is audible.


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Franz Karl Stanzel

This taxonomy is one of die great strenguis of Syanzel work, since he does both provide a dieory and exemplify it extensively. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. If mat view wins die day, then historians will continue to have my sympathy. Reflection of the fictional events in the consciousness of a fictional character.

The book’s assumptions preach to die converted, and its undeveloped arguments deserve better. Log In Sign Up. Kronick’s provocative reading of Whitman includes a convincing analysis of Whitman’s use of chiasmus, but he mars his case widi a spectacular misreading of the “dumb, beautiful ministers” of “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” as Whitman’s apostrophe to his readers rather than to the sights along die coast.

This book is a dioroughly stimulatingjourney around fiction.

For perspective it is a matter of internal and exter- nal perspective. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. The narrator is outside the world of the characters. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Skip to main content. As well, an individual reader reads according to reading strategies which may very from reader to reader the indeterminacy of the reader, who through a kind of inertia maintains his spatio-temporal orientation until the text conspicuously signals a change.

This page was last edited on 1 Aprilat But notwidistanding this, there is a very full and informative discussion of die interaction of aU the categories since die categories always interact. Views Read Edit View history. Thus die diree major categories provide a rich taxonomy for describing narrative and narratives.

Literary Studies Literature is a luxury; fiction is a necessity. The reflector is there to mirror in his own consciousness what is going on in the world outside or inside. Perspective may be internal limitedlocated in the story, in the protagonist or in the centre of the action, or it may be external omniscient outside the story or or its centre of action located in a narrator who does not belong to the world of the characters, or who is merely a subordinate figure.


In each of the three narrative situations, another constitutive element or pole of the binary opposition associated with it attains dominance over the other constitutive elements and their poles. Email required Address never made public. Does the narrator belong to the world of the story, or does he remain in another realm of existence?

Click here to sign up. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Person is the category which accounts for die nar- rator: This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards.

The three major categories and dieir primary distinctions are arranged by Stanzel in a diagram around a circle which he calls “The Typological Circle. Twentieth century writers combine authorial and figural elements. The succession of the basic forms of narration summary, report, description, commentary, scenic presentation interspersed with action report. There is no apparent narrator.

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gheory From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. And if a whole book is not consistendy one diing or anodier, mat is not die fault of the uieory or the book. Does the narrator directly convey information to the reader, or does he filter it through the consciousness of one or several characters?

This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. Reminding us that “the continuity of history depends upon die infinite process of interpretation that renders die past for die future,” he would rescue history from being “merely a funerary monument” pp.