1N Package Type: DO, PD: mW, VZ: V Features. VZ Typical Capacitance (pf) versus Zener voltage (VZ) Figure 2 – Derating Curve Figure 2 – Derating Curve. Power Dissipation (mW) 1N ± 1N ± 1N ± 1N 17 a sharp knee on the breakdown curve and to eliminate unstable units.

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And when the day comes when you need a better zener, you will know what parameter needs to be better and you will know what to buy then. Do not confuse the idealized diode used in the model with the Zener diode whose characteristic is being modeled; the Zener diode characteristic is being approximated over a limited range of operation by a combination of idealized circuit element models.

If you depart very far from the current rating, the Zener voltage will vary from the data sheet rating. This is related to the dominance of one or the other of the two phenomena producing similar terminal breakdown characteristics. When possible run the zener at the lowest current where it can maintain its stated clamp voltage, including any loads.

Andy aka k 10 Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. On the other hand when the load draws the minimum current the increased current through the Zener the source current will not change much should not exceed the rated IZT.

Detailed comparison between the computed and analytical curves is left as an exercise, e. Generally, there’s not going to be a significant difference unless you’re doing something specific, that needs particular characteristics.

You must “fit” the Zener to the application. The inverse of the slope of the diode characteristic typically at the test point is called the ‘dynamic resistance’ of the diode, and is a parameter noted in the manufacturers’ specifications. The regulating action is observable in the curves obtained by an analysis of the circuit using the piecewise-linear Zener diode approximation; these are drawn below.


The Diode – Iona Physics. For instance a 3. However if a sufficiently large reverse-bias is applied other junction phenomena develop which dominate the leakage current, allowing in effect much larger reverse-bias currents.

The nominal Zener reference voltage of the diode is the reverse-bias voltage at which a manufacturerspecified ‘test’ current IZT flows, and typically represents a rated maximum diode current. Circuits Zener Diode 4 M H Miller The unity slope reference dashed line is the voltage transfer characteristic of the power supply alone, i.

Often you see 3 watt and 1h5230 watt 11n5230 diodes as actual shunt voltage regulators for circuits that need mA or less of current. Diodes whose reverse-breakdown characteristics are controlled precisely during manufacture commonly are called Zener diodes. Sparky 11k 2 15 Sure, the ones with the “better” specs might be newer models. It’s not so much about precision and obviously not fidelity as it is about limiting the maximum output voltage to logic-safe levels.

1N PDF 데이터시트 – mW Zener Diode to Volts – Micro Commercial Components

That 1N is what inspired my question – it’s specified in a little circuit I’m building yet likely not for a finely tuned reason that depends on that specific old part. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The minimum usable current is conditioned by the necessity of operation above the knee, i.

When it comes to such kits they seem to either include one of the three lines, but for no clear reason. Sign up using Facebook. Thanks for breaking them down as you have – it helped me make sense of it!

Because the diode is a nonlinear circuit element an analytical examination would be an involved one.

In your list of 3 zener diodes of which are the same clamp voltage but different bias currents, some numbers really stand out. This is a newer product than the last item and one that I would use, though mW zeners tend to be voltage references, to be boosted by op-amps, etc. This calculation is particularly noteworthy here because it is rather different from the more familiar case of solving for specific element values common in introductory courses.


Verification of the characteristic shown is left as an exercise. Still, Zeners have their niche in certain applications. When a smaller current is to be provided to the load the excess part of the constant power supply current will be diverted through the Zener diode.


A computed set of regulation characteristics ccurve a nonlinear diode mode is shown below for comparison to the calculated regulation characteristics. It will run warmer and waste more current than options 1 or 2. Post as a guest Name. You act like there’s a general concensus on what is the “best” component. The details of the circuit behavior will depend to some extent on the choice made. Between these operating requirements, and of course knowing the nominal Zener diode voltage, an appropriate value of RB can be determined.

It means, for example, enough current must be drawn by the Zener diode to maintain ccurve operation even in the ‘worst case’ situation when the maximum load current has been siphoned off from the supply current, i. Since a forward-biased diode already provides large current changes for small changes in bias voltage why a special cutve in breakdown operation?

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Maybe I just want the cheapest one. The breakdown parameters of these Zener or voltage reference diodes receive special processing curvr during their manufacture.

The other solid line curve describes the circuit with the regulating elements inserted. Hence at full-load current one should design the circuit to provide at least a minimum Zener ‘keep-alive’ current of roughly 0.

ZENER DIODE Introduction to Zener Diodes It was noted earlier that the reverse-bias saturation current of a general-purpose junction diode is so small that it ordinarily is masked by currents associated with high-resistance conducting paths across the junction.